Great Lakes Rodger, I am still awaiting total costs; I'll let you know. I did get the following response from the Deputy Director (a very helpful and nice gentleman) of the US Coast Guard Office of Great Lakes Pilotage regarding our requirements in the Great Lakes: "this office is responsible for determining the pilotage requirements for vessels operating on the U.S. waters of the Great Lakes. Our guidance is defined by the Great Lakes Pilotage Act of 1960, 46 USC Section 9302, and related regulations which provide in pertinent part that "each vessel of the United States operating on register and each foreign vessel shall engage a U.S. or Canadian registered pilot for the route being navigated…". The recodification of the Act in 1983 deleted the word "merchant" from the phrase "foreign merchant vessel" (e.g. engaged in foreign trade). In 1991, the Coast Guard opined that Congress did not intend to make substantive changes that would have a negative impact on any group, specifically extending pilotage to pleasure or recreational vessels. Therefore, pilots are only required aboard "foreign merchant vessels" and U.S. vessels "engaged in foreign trade" which does not include pleasure or recreational vessels. " The Laurentian Pilotage Authority (Canada) requires any foreign vessel over 35m to take a pilot on the St. Lawrence, so we'll be using their services. The Great Lakes Pilotage Authority (Canada) recently changed their rules to reflect the Laurentian rules. Until this month, pilots were only required for foreign vessels greater than 1500GRT- now it is greater than 35m. The upside is that we'll only require a pilot in the Canadian waters of the Great Lakes- so we'll need to use them from St. Lambert Lock through the Welland Canal, but will be free from there on up as long as we don't visit Canada. It is a shame that the Canadian businesses will suffer the loss of our spending because of this rule.