All along the way...
I've always thought along the same lines that good skill and experience should prevail. However, looking back, I'm sure that the masters of sailing ships thought the new technology of steam ships and coastal aids to navigation such as lighthouses was allowing inexperienced mariners to achieve the same end results as their training. Then the Loran took over for a Sextant and now we trust our navigation to a bunch of satellites in orbit. Fifty years from now there will be a grizzly old guy on the dock talking about how those old computer controlled diesel engines are more reliable than the hyper plasma drives or whatever else has come along.